Shoulder injuries can be painful, but you have a number of options when it comes to pain relief and shoulder procedures. Regional anesthesia (peripheral nerve blocks) has a number of advantages over general anesthesia and using postoperative opioids alone. Talk to your surgeon and anesthesiologist to determine what pain relief options are best for you based on your individual medical situation.
The shoulder is the most flexible joint in our body. Its flexibility allows us to move and rotate the arm in many positions: to the front, above, to the side, and behind your body. The area where the humerus (upper arm bone) fits into the scapula (shoulder blade) forms the shoulder joint. The shoulder is absolutely essential for the movement of the upper part of your body and every possible injury should be examined by an orthopedic shoulder doctor.
There are three important bones in the shoulder:
- Acromion bony projection off the scapula
- Clavicle (collarbone) meets the acromion in the acromioclavicular joint
- Cracoid process hook-like bony projection from the scapula
Besides these three important bones, the shoulder joint consists of three important bone structures as well:
- Rotator cuff it is formed of muscles and tendons that surround the shoulder. The rotator cuff's main function is to support shoulder's stability and allow a wide range motion
- Bursa a small fluid sac that protects the tendons of the rotator cuff
- Labrum it forms a cup for the humerus's head to fit into